What is Margin Shortfall?

As per the SEBI’s norms, if you are taking any position in Equities & Derivatives segment, you have to maintain below margins:

Equity Equity Derivatives Currency Derivatives Commodity Derivatives
VaR MarginSpan MarginInitial MarginInitial Margin
Extreme Loss MarginExtreme Loss MarginExtreme Loss MarginExtreme Loss Margin
Additional MarginMargin on crystallised obligationMargin on crystallised obligationAdditional Margin
Physical delivery MarginDelivery Margin

Margin Shortfall is said to have occurred if you maintain margin which is lesser than margin required on your positions.

Margin Shortfall = Margin Required - Margin Available

Click here to know the instances where there can be margin shortfall.