Super Trend Indicator: How Does it Work?

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  • 24 Aug 2023

For informed stock market decision-making, using a technical analysis tool or indicator can often determine the outcome between achieving success or facing failure.

Technical indicators encompass a toolkit employed by traders to generate signals that aid in identifying potential trading opportunities. Within this array of technical indicators exists the super trend indicator, serving as one noteworthy example.

The Super Trend Indicator is a trend-following technical analysis tool designed to help traders identify the direction of an asset's price movement. Developed by Olivier Seban, this indicator is handy for traders seeking to ride trends while avoiding the noise and fluctuations often accompanying market volatility.

Unlike simpler moving averages or trendlines, the Super Trend Indicator takes into account both the price movement and market volatility. It adjusts its position based on recent price movements and volatility levels, representing the current trend dynamically.

The Super Trend indicator relies upon two core dynamic factors - the period and the multiplier. However, before delving into these elements, grasping the concept of Average True Range (ATR) is crucial. ATR serves as another indicator that provides insight into market volatility. It accomplishes this by unpacking the price range of a security within a specific timeframe.

The calculation of ATR begins with determining a series of true range (TR) values, followed by dividing the sum by the number of periods represented by 'n'. This yields the moving average of true ranges.

To express the above information in the ATR formula:

TR = Max [(current high – current low), Abs(current high – previous close), Abs(current low – previous close)]

ATR = (1/n) Σ TRi


TRi represents the true range.

'n' signifies the number of periods or trading days

While this formula elucidates the indicator's mechanics, most trading platforms streamline the process. On such platforms, users must access the Super Trend indicator and select the values for periods (ATR's number of days) and the multiplier.

The multiplier serves as a factor by which the ATR is multiplied. Commonly, traders opt for ten periods and a multiplier of three. Employing shorter 'n' values can yield more frequent signals, heightening responsiveness to price changes. Conversely, a longer 'n' value can distill the noise arising from day-to-day price movements, resulting in fewer actionable signals.

Significance in Trading Strategies

The Super Trend Indicator offers several advantages to traders:

  1. Trend Identification: It helps traders identify the prevailing trend, enabling them to align their trades with the market's direction.

  2. Reduced Noise: By factoring in volatility, the Super Trend Indicator filters out short-term price fluctuations, making it easier for traders to focus on the broader trend.

  3. Risk Management: Traders can use the Super Trend Indicator to set stop-loss levels, as the indicator's position can serve as a guideline for determining potential exit points.

  4. Adaptability: The Super Trend Indicator adjusts quickly to changing market conditions, making it suitable for various timeframes and asset classes.

The Super Trend Indicator remains equally effective whether the market exhibits an upward or downward trend. A buy signal is triggered when the trend concludes below the price, and the indicator color switches to green. Conversely, the indicator generates a sell signal when the trend concludes above the price and the color changes to red.

It's important to note that no indicators can guarantee 100% accuracy, and the Super Trend indicator is no exception. While false signals are possible, the likelihood of such instances is minimal. However, it's advisable to complement this indicator with other tools to enhance the quality of trading signals. Integrating this signal allows you to refine stock selection and make well-informed trading decisions.

Swing traders and long-term position holders often favor longer timeframes due to their effectiveness in confirming trends and providing reliable trade signals amidst short-term market fluctuations. The minimum viable timeframe for this indicator is the 15-minute chart.

Moreover, traders can apply the indicator across various timeframes, capitalizing on its benefits across multiple scales. For instance, they can employ it on a higher timeframe to gauge overall trend direction and subsequently switch to a shorter timeframe for precise entry and exit signals.

To Sum Up

The Super Trend Indicator is a versatile tool for identifying and riding trends in financial markets. Its ability to factor in both price movement and volatility provides traders with a clearer picture of market trends, making it a valuable addition to their analytical toolkit.

However, like any trading tool, traders must combine the Super Trend Indicator with other analysis and risk management strategies to make intelligent trading decisions. As with all trading tools, practice and experience are key to effectively incorporating the Super Trend Indicator into one's trading strategy.

Supertrend Indicators FAQs

The indicator has demonstrated remarkable accuracy recently, particularly when market volatility reaches extreme levels. Nonetheless, it is crucial to exercise patience and wait for a confirmed signal before executing a trade, as false signals are prevalent, especially during periods of heightened volatility.

The indicator may not give accurate signals during consolidation periods, and its outcome may contradict other tools.

The presence of red rectangles indicates false signals.

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