What is Share Class & Its Types?

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  • 23 Nov 2023
What is Share Class & Its Types?

Key Highlights

  • The term "share class" describes many classifications of shares that a business issues, each having unique rights and benefits.
  • Investors must understand share classes since they impact their ownership and influence inside a firm.
  • Class A, Class B, and Class C are the three primary share classes; each has unique traits, voting rights, and cost structures.
  • Share classes are used by corporations to divide up ownership, manage decision-making, pay dividends, and fend off takeover attempts.

When an investor purchases shares from a corporation, they have many rights. Share classes are in three varieties: Class A, Class B, and Class C. Multiple fees, such as front-end load, back-end load, deferred charges, 12b-1 fee, etc., are associated with each share class. Every share class has a separate cost schedule. Whether purchasing ordinary stocks or mutual fund units, it is essential to possess a fundamental understanding of that specific asset type. Companies now group shares for a variety of reasons. Below is a list of a handful of them.

  • To assign the investor a certain degree of ownership based on the share class.
  • To maintain control over the business and the board's decision-making authority.
  • To determine the revenue and distribute dividends according to the share class.
  • To assign and restrict voting rights according to the share classes of investors.
  • To shield the business from hostile takeover offers.

There are three ways for businesses to get capital. They can either borrow money from friends and family or apply for a bank loan. They choose public borrowing, the third option, when it comes to situations involving millions. That kind of money can only come from outside sources. They split the shares into three classes—Class A, B, and C—in order to issue them. Let's quickly examine each share class.

Share Class Characteristics Voting Rights Fees
Class ACommon stock issued during an IPO, significant voting rights, eligible for accredited investors, entitled to vote within the company, may receive a portion of company revenues.Highest voting rightsFront-end load may apply
Class BHas fewer voting rights than Class A, fewer benefits, a lower front-end load, and the potential for no back-end load if held for an extended period.Limited voting rightsLower front-end load, potentially no back-end load
Class CSuitable for short-term investments, front-end load, level load during asset management, 1% back-end load when cashed out, and no voting rights.No voting rightsFront-end load, level load, 1% back-end load

The benefits of classifying share classes include the following:

  • The firm gives the shareholders control, regardless of how the shares are divided. The degree to which you own and have influence over the firm is determined by these share classes. In general, this section aids in the management of rights and privileges for both the corporation and the investor.
  • It assists investors in selecting an appropriate share class that fulfils their investing requirements. Class C is for short-term investors, whereas Classes A and B are for long-term investors.
  • Upon the company's liquidation, the investors receive their proportionate share of the assets. The ratio at which the assets are distributed to the shareholders is determined by the corporation, in part by the form of shares. Every class also has its own rules and regulations.
  • It aids in portfolio diversification for investors as well as cash generation for businesses. Thus, it's a tactic that benefits all sides equally.
  • It establishes structure and hierarchy inside the business.
  • By receiving dividend payments on their assets, it assists investors in creating revenue.


Overall, any investor wishing to navigate the world of mutual funds and corporate ownership has to have a solid grasp of share classes. Because each class has unique rights, benefits, and costs connected with it, investors must carefully weigh their alternatives. Understanding the differences between Class A, which has substantial voting rights, Class B, which has fewer voting rights but may offer advantages, and Class C, which is designed for short-term investments, enables investors to make well-informed decisions that support their financial objectives. In the end, share classes help companies and shareholders by keeping a company's internal structure balanced and orderly.

FAQs on Share Class

In a nutshell, they are share classes that are created by the corporation and discriminate based on rights and privileges, either grade-wise or rank-wise. Every class group experiences its own unique variances and fluctuations. You should use caution as an investor before purchasing the share class.

Class A and Class B shares, for example, are suitable for long-term investors. Additionally, individuals who are just starting in the stock market and have a small amount to invest can choose Class C shares. These shares are suitable for immediate needs. Prior to selecting the share class, you must review the load and other costs. The impact of these fees on your investment and profits will be felt.

Share classes play a crucial role in determining the rights and privileges of investors. Depending on the class of shares they hold, investors may have varying levels of control, benefits, and associated costs.

Each share class may have its own fee structure, which can include front-end loads (initial fees), back-end loads (exit fees), and other charges. Investors need to understand these fees before making investment decisions.

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