What is Market Momentum?

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  • 14 Dec 2023
What is Market Momentum

Key Highlights

  • Market momentum maintains a broad and sustained market price trend into the future.
  • Market momentum can stay in an upward or downward trend, supported by changes in trading volume and the use of several technical indicators.
  • Momentum trading occurs when the market is rising and falling after it has reached a peak.

The pace of change in the security price is referred to as momentum. Market momentum is a means of accelerating the rate at which prices in the whole market are moving. The momentum has a positive correlation with the volume traded. As a result, significant trading volumes in the market occur at any given time, which is an essential factor of market momentum. This shows that the market can maintain this trend over a specific period.

The market's momentum demonstrates the psychology of traders. Participants in the Momentum trading system expect this trend (up or down trend) to continue for an extended period. It follows that if a security has more traded volume and constantly rises in price, it will attract additional investors. More investors are attracted to markets when more stocks have a price rise, which can increase momentum.

Investors and traders can use the market's momentum to build a trading or investment strategy. In addition, momentum indicates the potential for price movements. Generally speaking, technical traders use ten days to measure the market's momentum.

Momentum refers to the strength of the trend, the weakness of the trend, and the direction of the trend. The strength and direction of the overall market are shown by market momentum. An increasing trend and improved security or market conditions are reflected in positive momentum. In particular, positive momentum could result from increased sales and income or debt reduction. Negative momentum, which can be a result of market or security inferiority, is an indication of a downside trend. Market momentum reflects the market's behaviour. It helps traders make decisions about what to buy and sell. Momentum traders believe the trend is strong, and they stick to it. Momentum traders think buying when prices rise and selling even higher is better than buying low and trading higher. But momentum is a technical valuable indicator for the short term.

The tools for measuring the acceleration rate are momentum indicators. They give us a better idea of how the market is going. The indicators are as follows.

1. Market momentum indexes Two companies, MSCI and FTSE Russell, have introduced market momentum indexes. To monitor momentum scores, traders can access the MSCI US Momentum Index, the MSCI World Index, the Russell 1000 SMM index, the SPDR Russel 1000 FOCUS ETF, etc.

2. Moving Average Convergence Divergence MACD is also a helpful oscillator. It shows a correlation between two moving average values of the price of securities. To calculate the MACD, subtract an exponential moving average of 26 periods from a 12-period exponential moving average. This calculation results in the MACD line. Next, the signal line, the nine-day EMA of the MACD, is plotted on the MACD line. This is a signal used by traders to indicate a buy or sell.

3. Relative Strength Index A popular oscillator for signals of upward and downward price trends is the RSI. The maximum and minimum values for the RSI are 100 and 0, respectively. An overbought area is indicated by the RSI above 70, while an oversold area is indicated by the RSI below 30. It tells the traders how strong the trend is and gives indications of possible reversals.

4. Average Directional Indicator ADX is another trend follower indicator, which guides the trader in his choice to stay longer or short. Two accompanying indicators, namely a negative directional indicator -DI and a positive directional indicator +DI, are used in the ADX to reflect an upward or downward trend. As a result, ADX is guiding traders on trend direction and strength.

The formula to calculate market momentum is as follows.

M = V – Vx


  • M represents the momentum of the market
  • V = Current / latest security/index price
  • Vx = the closing price before the number of days

Using this equation, a trendline with various periods in the charts can be used to understand momentum better.


To conclude, one of the most essential elements of technical analyses is market momentum, which indicates how quickly the overall market moves. A high level of trade and rising prices are behind the market's momentum. Traders, believing that a trend is strong, trade on the stock market, growing and selling it even higher price.

FAQs on Market Momentum

You must first identify an asset trend that you are analysing to be able to execute momentum trading. Use indicators such as moving averages or Fibonacci retracement levels, like placing support and resistance values on your chart platform.

MACD, often considered the best momentum indicator, is a trend-following indicator. This relationship is between two moving averages for the price of a financial instrument. The MACD is moving back and forth between the moving averages, indicating momentum.

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