What is CPR in Trading?

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  • 23 Oct 2023
What is CPR in Trading?

Traders need effective tools and techniques to make the right trades in the ever-evolving world of stock markets. The significance of technical analysis has grown as many traders struggle with the complex nature of the modern stock markets. Indicators like the Central Pivot Range (CPR) are very useful for traders looking to make informed decisions.

Key Highlights

  • The width of the central pivot range can be considered a measure of market volatilities.

  • The CPR helps to identify the important support and resistance levels of price movements.

  • A good understanding of CPR allows traders to make appropriate trading decisions.

The Central Pivot Range is a tool used in technical analysis to find the key levels of support and resistance based on the previous day's price data. It is commonly known as CPR. It records the previous trading day's high, low, and close prices. This assists traders in identifying pivotal points that may influence the price direction.

Understanding the CPR indicator requires grasping fundamental concepts and trading with the help of stock charts, candlestick patterns, support and resistance levels. Trading charts identify critical breakout points, while support and resistance levels help traders pinpoint the lowest and highest potential stock prices.

The Central Pivot Range is more than just a technical indicator; it's a dynamic framework that offers a unique perspective on market sentiment and potential trends. You can consider the following points to understand and interpret the central pivot range.

  1. Virgin CPR

The CPR is deemed "virgin" when the stock price does not cross these CPR lines. If a stock fails to reach the range set by its CPR lines on the previous day, there is a 40% probability that it won't breach this CPR range the following day. It's crucial to note that the virgin CPR may act as robust resistance or support depending on the market conditions.

  1. Price Trading Above the TC Level

In a buying trend, traders are encouraged to buy a stock when its average price exceeds the TC level. In this scenario, CPR operates as a supportive factor.

  1. Price Trading Below the BC Level

A seller's market is evident when the price is lower than its Bottom CPR range. This suggests numerous buying opportunities in an adverse market, with CPR as resistance.

  1. Price Trading Within the Central Pivot Range Lines

When the current price fluctuates between CPR lines, the stock market is in an accumulation period. Traders may monitor the CPR for a breakthrough with volume above the TC when the price moves back and forth within CPR lines. In situations where CPR has a broader range, the optimal approach is to buy at the upper central pivot point (TC) while adhering to the bottom CPR point.

The CPR indicator calculates three price levels using established formulas involving the stock's highest, lowest, and closing values obtained from the preceding trading day. To understand and anticipate the stock's price movement in the upcoming session, traders must incorporate the highest, lowest, and closing values from the prior trading day. The CPR indicator outlines these three levels, each accompanied by its corresponding formula for calculation.

  • Pivot point = (Low + High + Close) / 3 = Pivot point
  • Top CPR = (BC) (Pivot - BC ) + pivot
  • Bottom CPR Point = (Low + High) / 2

The advantages of CPR extend beyond mere trend identification, making it a valuable asset for traders seeking precision and insights in their decision-making process. Various benefits of CPR are explained as follows.

  1. Precision in Entry and Exit Points

One of the notable advantages of the Central Pivot Range (CPR) in trading is its ability to provide traders with precise entry and exit points. CPR calculates vital levels such as the central pivot point, upper range, and lower by analysing the previous day's high, low, and close prices. These levels act as strategic reference points for traders, enabling them to enter rapidly and exit positions. Intraday traders, in particular, can benefit from CPR's clarity in setting up their trades.

  1. Effective Risk Management

CPR plays a crucial role in enhancing risk management strategies for traders. The upper and lower ranges derived from the central pivot point allow for the placement of stop-loss orders at predetermined levels. This systematic approach to risk management ensures that traders can limit potential losses and protect their capital. The precise identification of support and resistance levels through CPR assists traders in making well-informed decisions on where to place protective stops and when to exit positions.

  1. Insight into Market Sentiment

Another advantage of using CPR is its ability to offer insights into market sentiment. If prices consistently trade above the central pivot point, it indicates a bullish sentiment, while trading below suggests a bearish trend. Understanding market sentiment enables traders to align their strategies with prevailing market conditions. They can also adjust their approach based on market conditions.

  1. Versatility Across Time Frames

CPR's adaptability to various time frames is crucial for traders with different trading styles. CPR remains a versatile tool whether analysing daily, hourly, or shorter time frames. This ensures that traders can apply CPR across other market conditions and time horizons.

Here are a few drawbacks of CPR:

  1. Sensitivity to Previous Day's Data

One of the drawbacks of CPR is its reliance on the previous day's high, low, and close prices. This sensitivity to historical data can make CPR susceptible to sudden market shifts, as it may not promptly adapt to real-time changes.

  1. Static Nature

CPR calculations are based on fixed formulas, making them inherently static. This static nature might limit the effectiveness of CPR in swiftly changing market conditions. Traders must be aware that CPR levels might not accurately reflect abrupt shifts in market sentiment, potentially leading to misinterpretation of crucial support and resistance levels.

  1. Limited in Complex Market Environments

CPR may provide a simplified view in highly complex market environments where multiple factors influence price movements simultaneously. It may not consider the complexities of certain market conditions. Thus, it is less effective in scenarios involving global events or sudden changes in investor sentiment.

  1. Dependence on Single Calculation Method

CPR relies on a specific calculation method, and its effectiveness is contingent on the validity of this method. In cases where market dynamics change or new trends emerge, the fixed CPR formula may need to adapt adequately, leading to potential misreadings of market trends.

  1. Not a Standalone Solution

While CPR can offer valuable insights, it is not a standalone solution for comprehensive market analysis. Traders should avoid relying solely on CPR indicators and consider integrating them with other technical tools and fundamental analysis to form a more holistic market view.


The CPR can adapt to different time frames and integrate with other technical indicators. You can add it easily to your trading strategies, improving your ability to make wise trading decisions. Professionals usually advise understanding and using this unique indicator, which is essential in uncertain markets. The insights provided by the CPR regarding market fluctuations and flexibility make it an invaluable tool for traders.


Traders use CPR as a tool in financial trading, leveraging the previous day's high, low, and close prices to identify potential support and resistance levels in the market.

During intraday trading, the CPR indicator can exhibit remarkable accuracy. Combining the CPR indicator with the Volume indicator can potentially achieve a high success rate, reaching up to 70%.

The CPR indicator identifies crucial price levels, enabling traders to make informed trading decisions. Traders leverage the chart's various levels to take up trading positions. Its popularity among traders stems from its versatility and straightforwardness, making it an easily comprehensible tool for market analysis.

CPR primarily derives from historical price data and does not consider other fundamental or market-specific factors.

CPR (Central Pivot Range) can be effective in trading as it helps identify potential support and resistance levels.

The effectiveness of CPR (Central Pivot Range) as a good indicator depends on individual trading strategies and preferences.

CPR (Central Pivot Range) is generally not considered a lagging indicator, as it provides real-time levels based on the current price action.

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