What is Control Stock?

  •  4 min read
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  • 06 Dec 2023
What is Control Stock?

Key Highlights

  • The control shares are equity shares owned by major shareholders of a publicly traded company.
  • If significant and essential decisions are taken, control stock will give ownership to the holder.
  • The control stock is considered shares with more voting power or a higher weighting of votes.

The definition of control stock implies that these are common shares held by the major shareholders of a listed company. The control shares are regulated and controlled by a significant company shareholder. These shareholders will have the vast majority of the shares. In addition, a substantial portion of the company's stock may be sufficiently large to give them control over its decisions. Many companies exclusively issue a single type of common stock. However, shares with more voting rights or weightage are considered control stock when a company gives more than one type of share.

In principle, shareholders with a majority interest in the company can exercise sufficient voting rights to make decisions for and on behalf of the company. Therefore, their shares are treated as control stock. Parties can attain this status if their shareholdings are relatively significant compared to voting stock. The owners of undertakings are generally allowed to retain up to 51 % of their business. They are going to sell 49% or less of the company. In doing so, they will hold a majority, making the final decisions.

Even if they might not always possess precisely 51% of the shares, they will almost certainly make sure to be the biggest shareholder with the power to make decisions. The majority owner, making the final decisions, is the one who controls 50.1%, even if they possess 49.9%. More than 80% of shares can be bought by shareholders, who then become major shareholders and retain decision-making power.

The advantages of control stock are as follows.

1. Ownership

Several investors would like the opportunity to make significant decisions on behalf of a company. The ownership of control shares is one way to achieve this. Moreover, the availability of resources is naturally necessary to buy such control stocks.

2. A higher price means improved performance

Receiving payment is a clear benefit of owning control stock. The owners of the Control Stock can make important decisions that contribute to its growth and increased profitability. Higher stock prices will be achieved in the end due to improved performance. This way, the shareholders can profit from the value of their assets, i.e., shares in them.

3. Paying dividends

The possibility to pay dividends on the company's stock is another advantage. An investor's income can be significantly enhanced by holding substantial holdings in stocks that pay high dividends. The owners may use these dividends at their discretion.

The control stock refers to the minimum inventory level that a business wishes to retain to avoid running out of stock. To continue production or sales without interruption, a company must have sufficient quantities of goods or materials. Management generally establishes control stocks due to lead time, demand variations, and safety stock.

In contrast, inventory control refers to the processes and systems in place by a company for managing and tracking its levels of inventories, including monitoring stocks. Controlling inventories involves handling the entire inventory system, from determining levels to monitoring stock movements and ensuring that they are available when necessary.


However, control stock is equity shares held by major shareholders of a publicly traded company. These shareholders have a more significant role to play in the company. Once you have learned the meaning of your control shares, open an account with Demat and accumulate your share market investments.

FAQs on Control Stock

The control shares are held by a corporate associate who is an employee of the company. An associate is any officer, director, or 10% shareholder. One is deemed an insider (affiliate) if they hold a significant amount of the issuer's stock or are an executive for them.

There are two types of restricted shares, one giving the holder voting rights immediately and the other holding them back based on a vesting schedule. On the other hand, control stock is owned by a business associate, not necessarily an employee.

If the owner of more than 50 % of voting shares has a firm, they have control over its business and exert decisive influence on company policies at shareholder meetings.

Supply and demand are the primary determining factors for stock prices. Prices often increase in response to strong demand and decrease in response to strong supply.

The number of shares you have depends on your rights as a shareholder. If you have more than 50 %, you have a control interest and can influence the company's direction. You can take advantage of some rights as a shareholder, regardless of how many shares you own.

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