Intraday trading, also called day trading, is the buying and selling of stocks and other financial instruments within the same day. In other words, intraday trading means all positions are squared-off before the market closes and there is no change in ownership of shares as a result of the trades.
Until recently, people perceived day trading to be the domain of financial firms and professional traders. But this has changed today, thanks to the popularity of electronic trading and margin trading.
Today, it’s very easy to start day trading. If you want to start, read on to understand the basics of intraday trading:
There's only one difference between a regular trade and an intraday trade. It lies in taking the delivery of the stocks. In intraday trading, you square off your positions on the same day. So, your sell order offsets your buy order. This way, there is no transfer of ownership of shares. A regular trade gets settled over a span of days if not longer. So, you get delivery of the shares you bought while the shares you sold move out of your Demat account.
Trading of any kind has its own set of rules. Here are the basic rules that every intraday trader needs to keep in mind.
Thorough research and analysis about the current market situation, fundamentals of the companies being traded, and knowledge of macroeconomic details, such as the country’s debt status or currency movements.
Intraday trading is high-risk. It is advisable you only invest what you could afford to lose.
Selecting the right value for entry and exit is crucial. This helps in setting an escape value for a crisis situation.
The share market does not necessarily trend in a predictable manner. The optimal way to go about intraday trading is to trade only a handful of scrips at a time.
Intraday trading is dynamic. Keeping a track of your performance - wins and losses - will help you understand what went right and what didn't. Evaluation of past performances will help you make better trading decisions in the future.
Intraday trading promises high returns and thus may sound very attractive. But it also carries a higher risk compared to the delivery segment. So if you have a day job that requires your full attention for most of the trading hours, you may want to avoid intraday trading. For one, you have to watch the market and time your trades to perfection. Secondly, you need a good understanding of and time to perform technical analysis on daily charts to make the right decisions.
(To learn technical analysis, Click Here)
You need to trade in the intraday segment using the right broker, one who offers you research support as well as technical support. Having the right tools is crucial to maximise intraday trades. Given the high frequency of transactions, it is important that you choose an account with low brokerage per transaction and speedy execution. One option you can consider is the Trade Free Plan option from Kotak Securities. It allows you to execute intraday trades at no brokerage.
Timing the market is crucial for intraday traders. Taking a position at the wrong time can be the difference between profits and losses. Many experts suggest that it may be better to avoid taking a position within the first hour of trading. This is because the market tends to be volatile during this period. You will find more such intraday trading strategies here.
Some of the advantages of intraday trading are:
That said, do analyse if you are ready to witness high risk and are willing to put extra effort into analysing market behaviour on a daily basis.
It starts with opening a trading and demat account. If you already invest in the stock market, you may want to open a separate account for intraday trading.
You can then sign up for the right tools that help with intraday trading. It can also help with managing your taxes as intraday trades are treated differently as per the Income Tax Act.
Once you have the requisite tools and accounts, you can begin by looking at daily charts to identify trends in price movement. For this, you may need the support of various technical analysis tools. You can get access to these tools on trading terminals and software TradeSmart or KEAT ProX.
As an intraday trader, you want to pick the market direction early. The simplest way to do this is by identifying the 'value area' for the stocks you target to trade in. This can help you make a trade decision. Experts call this 'The 80% rule'. Value area is the range of price where at least 70% of previous day’s trade took place. Once you have identified this area, observe where the price opens for the day. The rule states that if the price starts below the range and stays there for the first hour, then there is an 80% chance that it will rise into the area.
On the other hand, if it starts above the value area and stays there for the first hour, there is an equal chance that the price will fall into the area. This gives us the most basic intraday trading strategy if the stock starts above and stays there, you may want to take a short position near the top of the value area.
Similarly, if the stock starts below the value area and stays there for an hour, you can take a long position near the bottom of the value area.
Remember, these are thumb rules. Don't consider this as a recommendation.
With this, you are ready to start your journey as a day trader. Click here to start trading now.
No limits. Whether it's capital or earnings, there are no boundaries in Intraday Trading.
The possibility of profit depends on the liquidity of the stocks. So it's optimal to trade in shares that have high volumes.
Your best chance at earning at least Rs. 1000 a day is by gaining small profits from multiple trades.
Like any form of trading, Intraday Trading has excellent scope for making profits. The most common reason for failed trades is the lack of knowledge about trading. Hence, it is crucial to learn and adapt to market trends.
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