What are the Timings For Commodity Market Trading

Understand more about the standard trading hours, pre-opening session, regular trading session, and post-closing session. Find out the specific timings for various commodity exchanges in India, such as MCX and NCDEX. Discover the importance of staying updated on market holidays and any variations in trading hours.
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  • 27 Mar 2023
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The commodity market is a vital component of the global financial landscape, providing a platform for the buying and selling of various raw materials and primary products. With its immense significance, it is crucial for you to be aware of the timings for commodity market trading. This article sheds light on trading hours of the commodity market, enabling you to make informed decisions.

Commodity market time depends on the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd (MCX). MCX is a commodity derivatives exchange that serves as a digital platform for trading commodity derivatives transactions. Its primary function entails facilitating price discovery and risk management for market participants.

Established in November 2003, this Exchange operates following the regulatory framework outlined by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). MCX's regular session is from 9:00 am to 11:30 pm, Monday to Friday. However, on account of daylight savings that typically happens between November to March of the following year, the end session is at 11:55 pm.

Commodity market time is divided into two sessions - morning and evening. The morning session starts at 9:00 am and lasts till 5:00 pm. The evening session is from 5:00 pm to 11:30 / 11:55 pm.

Note that agri-commodities are available for futures trading up to 5:00 pm. On the other hand, other commodities such as metals, bullions, and energy products can be traded up to 11:30/11:55 pm. Trading remains suspended on Saturdays and Sundays and on certain holidays. You can get the list of holidays on MCX's website.

Various factors shape the trading hours and schedules. Some factors influencing commodity trading time include:

  • Global Supply and Demand:

A commodity's global supply and demand dynamics significantly impact its trading timings. Increased demand or sudden disruptions in the supply chain can lead to extended trading hours to accommodate heightened market activity. For example, geopolitical events affecting crude oil production can result in extended trading hours to meet the increased demand for this vital commodity.

  • Market Regulations:

Market regulators play a crucial role in setting trading hours and schedules for commodity markets. These regulations ensure fair and transparent trading practices while providing equal market access to all participants. Regulatory bodies establish guidelines and oversee the functioning of commodity exchanges, ensuring compliance with trading hours to maintain market integrity.

  • Time Zone Differences:

Commodity markets operate globally, meaning time zone differences play a vital role in determining trading hours. Different countries and regions have their working hours, leading to variations in commodity market trading sessions. Traders must consider these time zone differences to plan their trading activities effectively and align with the respective market hours.

  • Economic and Political Events:

Economic and political events significantly impact commodity market timings. Changes in government policies, economic indicators, or natural disasters in major commodity-producing regions can create volatility in the market. As a result, trading hours may be extended to allow market participants to react to and capitalize on these events. Such extended trading hours enable traders to adjust their positions and manage risks based on evolving market conditions.

  • During the Opening Hour:

During the initial trading hours of the commodity market, which are generally the first few hours after the market opens, favorable trading conditions are observed. This period is characterized by high liquidity and substantial trading volumes, making it a suitable time for traders to execute trades, whether entering or exiting positions easily.

  • During Overlapping Trading Session:

An opportune time to engage in commodity market trading on MCX is when the trading hours of multiple markets overlap. This occurs when two or more markets are open simultaneously, creating increased trading activity and potential opportunities. For instance, the overlap between the Asian and European markets can lead to heightened trading activity in commodities like gold and crude oil. You can use this period to capitalize on market movements and make informed trading decisions.

  • During Volatile Periods:

Market volatility presents both challenges and opportunities for traders. While it can pose difficulties, it also creates favorable conditions for trading. Heightened market volatility often increases price fluctuations, offering you greater opportunities to profit from significant price movements.

To Sum Up

Understanding the timings for commodity market trading is essential for traders and investors to participate in the market. Market participants can seize opportunities, manage risks, and make intelligent decisions by being aware of the regular trading hours and the availability of extended trading sessions.

It is crucial to remember that the trading hours mentioned are subject to change and may vary depending on specific exchanges and regional holidays. Aspiring commodity market participants should always refer to the official websites of the respective exchanges for the most accurate and up-to-date information on trading timings.


Commodity trading timings in India are from Monday to Friday. It happens from 9 am to 11:30/11:55 pm. Trading doesn't happen on Saturdays and Sundays and on certain holidays, the details of which you can get on MCX's website.

Yes, trading timing differs for different commodities.

You can know the trading hours for a specific exchange on their websites.

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