What is the Cut-off Price in an IPO?

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  • 13 Jul 2023

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is an important milestone for a company as it transitions from being privately owned to publicly traded. As part of the IPO process, a crucial element to understand is the concept of the cut-off price. So, what is this price and its significance? Let’s find out.

The company issuing its shares to investors refers to a cut-off price in an IPO. The company evaluates the investors' requirements for the shares and the book, then decides. The cut-off price is the real identified issue price, which could be any within the given price band. According to SEBI's guidelines, only individual retail investors are allowed to apply for an IPO at the cut-off price.

Let's further understand it with an example. XYZ Corporation has launched its IPO, offering shares at a price range of Rs. 100 to Rs. 110. Here, you can apply for five shares at a price of Rs. 104. If the decided issue price is Rs. 102, you will receive the shares at that price since you subscribed up to Rs. 104.

However, if the decided issue price is Rs. 108, you will not be allotted any shares. Opting for the cut-off makes you eligible for share allotment at any price determined for the issue.

Selecting Cut-off Price During Application

While applying for the IPO, you can select the cut-off option brokerages offer. This option lets you express your willingness to pay any amount within the price band advertised for the shares. Choosing the cut-off option makes you eligible for allotment at any discovered issue price.

By choosing the cut-off option, you indicate your acceptance of any price within the specified ranges, including the ceiling price mentioned in the prospectus. This choice significantly enhances the chances of receiving an allotment, particularly for popular IPOs.

Opting for the cut-off option is beneficial if you have confidence in a specific company or IPO and desire to secure an allotment at any price within the range. Without selecting this feature, investors who bid below the final price cannot receive any allotment and have their amount refunded. Conversely, investors who bid higher than the final price receive a refund for the difference.

Benefits for Investors

For investors, the cut-off price provides an opportunity to acquire shares at a predetermined price. If the cut-off price is lower than the market price after the IPO, investors stand to gain from the potential price appreciation. However, investors may face initial losses if the cut-off price is higher than the market price.

Benefits for the Issuing Company

For the company going public, the cut-off price helps determine the valuation and capital raised through the IPO. If the demand for shares exceeds expectations, leading to a higher cut-off price, the company can raise more funds and benefit from a higher valuation. Conversely, if the demand is low and the cut-off price is lower, it may indicate weaker investor interest or market conditions.

Factors Influencing the Cut-Off Price

Several factors influence the cut-off price in an IPO, including market conditions, investor sentiment, the company's financial performance, industry prospects, and the competitive landscape. The underwriters and investment banks play a critical role in analyzing these factors and guiding the company through the book building process to determine an appropriate cut-off price.

Improving Chances of Getting Allotment

If an IPO becomes oversubscribed, your chances of receiving an allotment become extremely low if you place a bid lower than the top of the price range. Even if you select the higher price range, your chances of receiving an allotment are slim, especially if the offering is popular.

The IPO market is currently experiencing high demand, making allotments akin to a lucky draw. Choosing the cut-off in an IPO is one of the best ways to increase your odds. Additionally, there are other methods you can employ to enhance your allotment chances, such as:

1. Bidding for only one lot 2. Utilizing the Demat accounts of a family member or friend to apply 3. Applying on the first day of the IPO.

Conclusion

The cut-off price in an IPO is the minimum price at which shares are offered to the public. It is determined through the book building process, where investor bids are collected and analyzed. The cut-off price plays a vital role for investors and the issuing company, providing an entry point for investors and determining the valuation and capital raised by the company.

By understanding the significance of the cut-off price, investors can make informed decisions, and companies can gauge market demand and optimize their IPO outcomes.

FAQs

Yes, one can do so. However, the allotment gets decided on the highest priority price.

The bankers evaluate a weighted average of all the received bids to decide the final price, which is referred to as the cut-off price. In the case of an IPO issue that is highly popular and attracts more bids than the shares available, this price generally becomes the ceiling price.

You can easily bid at the cut-off price, thereby significantly improving your chances of receiving share allotment. However, it is important to note that you must be eligible for the cut-off price and bid below the final price to receive a refund or share allotment. If you bid higher than the final price, the difference is refunded.

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