Gold vs. Silver: Where Should You Invest?

Gold vs. Silver: Where Should You Invest?

Commodity trading is the buying and selling of raw materials or primary agricultural products in the commodity market. The most commonly traded commodities in the commodity market include energy products such as crude oil, natural gas, and coal, as well as metals like gold, silver, and copper, wheat, corn, coffee, and sugar etc. Explore the difference between gold and silver commodities in the financial market.
  •  6 min
  • 0
  • 07 Oct 2023

Key Highlights

  • Gold is often seen as a safe haven for investment and hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. Whereas silver is more speculative and sensitive to industrial demand,
  • Gold prices tend to be more stable compared to silver, which is more volatile. This is because the gold market is much bigger than the silver market
  • Gold has more uses as jewellery, investments, and reserves held by central banks and governments. Silver has more industrial applications; it is used in electronics, batteries, solar panels, etc.
  • Gold is measured in troy ounces, while silver is measured in troy ounces and grammes. This can cause some pricing complexity with silver.

Gold and silver are considered one of the long been valued as precious metals in history. Investments in gold and silver can be risky, as both have their pros and cons. Each of these metals formed the basis for monetary systems across the world before fiat currencies. Today, they remain extremely important global commodities. Gold is often viewed as a safer investment in the world, it has reflect valued during times of economic uncertainty and inflation.

With massive government stimulus in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, gold prices have reached record highs in recent years. Silver also saw price surges amid supply chain issues and its growing importance as an industrial metal used in solar panels, electronics, and electric vehicles.

While no longer the foundation of global currencies, central banks still hold substantial gold reserves to hedge against risks. Commodity investors often hold gold and silver in their portfolios because the metals tend to be countercyclical to stocks and bonds. They provide diversification, help manage portfolio volatility, and balance against currency devaluation. Gold and silver also offer opportunities for capital appreciation during commodity booms. Additionally, they can act as an inflation hedge over the long run. Their historical significance, continued demand, and investment properties keep gold and silver among the most widely traded and significant commodities worldwide.

Here's a comparison of key differences between gold and silver

Market Volatility The market moves around due to different factors. For the price of gold vs silver, you can say that the gold market is much bigger than the silver market, with higher trading volumes and more stability. This leads to lower volatility in gold prices compared to greater fluctuations in silver. Still, depending upon each scenario of stock market, you cannot define which instrument can offer better returns to your investment.

Liquidity Factor Financials with greater liquidity are often preferred by investors. Gold has significant uses in jewellery, investments, and reserves held by different financial institutions. And in the case of silver, it has more industrial applications, including electronics, solar panels, and batteries. Both of these metals have high demand in the market.

You can check the market volatility before considering the liquidity of each metal before investing on it.

Supply Factor Above-ground gold supplies are large and stable, while silver supplies are decreasing over time. Gold is more scarce overall. Each metal has a scarcity, and the demand for each metal is very high. There are different alternatives that are taking place with the advancement of science and technology.

Performance of Gold vs Silver Gold tends to outperform when inflation is low and markets are stable. Silver sees bigger gains when industrial activity rises. Gold is an effective conductor as well as ideal for making jewellery. The presence of gold in India is also high at events such as weddings or festivals.

Silver is an extensively used raw material for the automobile, electronics, medicine, as well as thermal manufacturing industries.

Accessibility of Gold & Silver Silver is cheaper per ounce, making it more affordable for retail investors with less capital. Whereas gold is a costly metal, it is expensive for retail investors. To check the measure of gold, you can use troy ounce pricing, while silver metal uses ounces and grammes, causing some complexity for measuring both elements. Due to difference, each difference in measure affect the price of

Storage for each Commodity A higher per ounce value of gold leads to lower storage costs for gold metals and insurance costs compared to silver.

Apart from the price of gold vs silver, there are various differences between these two commodities these are mentioned in the below table:

Factors Gold Silver
UsagesStore of value, jewellery, Industrial manufacturingCurrency, jewellery, industrial
Unit of tradeTroy OunceTroy Ounce
LiquidityVery highLow compared to gold
Market SymbolGC (Gold Futures)SI (Silver Futures)
Resource availabilityLimited, MiningAbundant, Mining
Price VolatilityHas Lower VolatilityHigh Volatility
Affect of Market volatilityOften considered a hedge against economic uncertainty,More susceptible to economic conditions
TaxesSubject to Capital gain taxSimlar to gold, it is also subject to capital gain tax
Storage CostsHigher cost due its valueGenerally lower cost of storage due to lower value.
Options for investETFs, Futures, Physical Bullion, and BondsETFs, Futures, and Physical Bullion

Gold has historically been viewed as a superior store of value and hedge against inflation. Gold prices tend to be more stable, with higher liquidity in trading markets. The higher liquidity also leads to lower bid-ask spreads and costs when buying and selling. Gold also has far less industrial usage compared to silver - meaning gold prices are less susceptible to fluctuations in industrial demand. Additionally, gold is considered a better asset and tends to see increased investment demand during times of economic uncertainty, while silver is more sensitive to the economic cycle.

But do note that silver may offer more upside potential. Silver has more industrial applications, especially in electronics and solar panels, so demand could rise with new technologies. Silver also has the potential for higher volatility, which can be attractive to short-term traders. Depending on your investment goals, you can easily understand and invest in any of these securities.


Whether one should choose gold or silver entirely depends on the risk appetite, financial position, and personal choices of that investor. prices of gold vs silver has ups and downs. But it is a must to understand how these metals trade and their use in hedging inorder to reap the benefits better. Check the live prices of gold & silver commodities on the Kotak Securities website or Kotak Securities App.

FAQs on Gold vs Silver

Gold is considered a better store of value and hedge against inflation over the long-term but considering silver is more volatile, it carries higher risk but also higher potential returns. Depending on your financial goals, you can select what works best for you.

Some of the way to invest in gold & silver is:

  • Physical gold and silver bullion
  • Gold and silver jewelry
  • Gold ETFs on NSE and BSE
  • e-Gold and e-Silver on MCX
  • Sovereign gold bonds issued by RBI
  • Gold mutual funds

Here are the taxes on both of these commodities. The short-term capital gains tax on gold/silver (held <36 months) is applicable per income tax slab. Long-term capital gains tax on gold/silver (held >36 months) is 20% with an indexation benefit.

In future, development will be done with the aim of creating a sustainable planet. Due to which silver can play an vital role

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