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What is Demat Account Number

Every Demat account has a unique 16-digit figure. The first eight digits are the ID number of your DP. The final eight digits comprise your customer ID number. The combination of the two IDs gives each investor a unique demat account number.

A demat account number is assigned to you once you open an account. This is a vital number for various reasons like, trading in the stock markets. It is crucial for you to have such an account when you wish to start trading.


What is a depository participant or DP ID?

A depository is where your financial records are kept in a dematerialised form. Currently, there are two depositories operating in India. These are National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) and Central Securities Depository Ltd (CDSL).

Each depository appoints agents who work on their behalf directly with you. These agents are known as the depository participants. A depository participant works as an intermediary between the investor and the depository.

All depository participants in India are registered under the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Unless an agent has a valid certification from SEBI, they cannot work as your depository participant.

Every depository participant has a unique depository participant ID number, which is also referred to as the DP ID number.

Difference between DP number from account number

As mentioned, the two figures are different. But if you still need some help distinguishing the two, keep these points in mind:

  • Number of digits: This is the simplest way to separate the two. Your demat account number has 16 digits, while your DP ID number has just eight digits.
  • Breakup of digits: Your demat DP ID is not your demat account number—it is just a part of it. Only the first half of your account number matches the DP ID.

If you are a newbie in the trading business, you might be confused by this. But you should never hesitate to ask your depository participant about any queries that you may have. The depository participant provides a service and clearing your doubts is an integral part of this service.

Choose the right depository participant

How well you fare in the stock market often depends on your depository participant’s credibility and service. So, you need to do your research when opening your demat account with them. Make sure to clarify any doubts you have with the depository participant—that includes doubts related to your demat account number. Remember, understanding the basics of a demat account can help you make better stock trades and investments.

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