Five basic tools to spot bearish reversals or downtrend in trading

Markets move in waves, thus forming peaks and troughs. From a long-term perspective, corrective moves are said to be healthier and effective for a smoother trend. While one can capitalise on an upward rally by going long, identifying corrective moves can help in booking profits and entering short trades.

Avdhut Bagkar | Business Standard
28th February

Over the past few sessions, the markets have been spooked by coronavirus fears. Earlier this week, fears that the coronavirus outbreak in China will grow into a pandemic with disruptive and deadly consequences for countries across the globe spooked most equity markets. The virus, which has killed over 2,400 people in China, has reportedly spread to 28 other countries now.

On Monday, Nikkei futures tumbled 2.7 per cent, EuroStoxx 50 futures declined about 2 per cent while futures for London’s FTSE skidded 1.3 per cent. Asian shares were also a sea of red. Back home, the S&P BSE Sensex plunged 807 points, or nearly 2 per cent, to settle at 40,363 levels. On the NSE, the benchmark Nifty lost 251 points or over 2 per cent to end the session at 11,829 levels.

But, can you predict such movements in advance?

While news-driven movement in the markets can be a bit difficult to gauge, but how the markets play out over a few sessions can be plotted on the charts to ascertain the overall trend with reasonable accuracy. Here are some ways you can spot the end of an uptrend or the beginning of a downtrend:

Gap-down close: Whenever a stock or index closes gap-down, the sentiment is said to have turned weak with the likelihood of the selling pressure intensifying in the coming sessions. A gap-down session is the one where the high of the day does not cross the low of the previous sessions. Such incidents have seen stock prices falling over 5 per cent whenever the selling pressure resumed in the next session.

Volumes confirm the trend: Whenever a stock falls or shows negative reversal signals, the formation must be supported by volumes. A relatively higher volume suggests that the bears are gaining strength and if a positive reversal is met with selling pressure, then it is a clear indication that the sentiment on the stock/ index is turning bearish.

Moving averages: Another way of looking at the trend is to focus on moving averages. The major moving averages are 50-day moving average (DMA), 100-DMA and 200-DMA. These moving averages work as support levels, which, when broken, may lead to further selling pressure.

Support levels: Besides moving averages, support levels can be established on various parameters like trend line support, simultaneous lows, etc. Whenever a security breaches the said support levels, the trend is said to have turned negative.

Two-three days' high: In a given situation, when a stock hits near-level highs for a couple of sessions, one can notice the selling pressure emerging around that range. In such a scenario, if the counter breaks the recent lows then more selling pressure is expected, which can push the prices further in a downward spiral.

Disclaimer: This information is from a third party—Business Standard—offered through a tie-up to Kotak Securities customers for free for life. The third party content is not created or endorsed by any business offering products or services through it. The provision of this third party content is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute a research call, recommendation or solicitation to purchase or sell any security or make any other type of investment or investment decision. Also, the views and opinions stated in the content belong to Business Standard. Kotak Securities does not uphold nor promote any of the views. These reports do not, in any way, qualify as a Kotak Securities research report.

A few links for further reading

Fix the holes in your investments and insurance plans ahead of the new year

Make changes where required so that your investment and insurance portfolio are equipped to meet the rigours that 2020 may have to offer. With the year drawing to a close, your thoughts may have turned to taking a holiday and visiting a new destination. Or you may want to just curl up in a blanket and laze around by a bonfire. While you do deserve some rest after toiling for the entire year, one essential task you must not overlook is to check your financial portfolio and ensure it is in good shape.

Are Indian banks out of the woods?

Earnings season is over at most Indian banks. Looking at the September-quarter results, one might be tempted to say the worst is behind for the India banking industry.

Don’t waste this crisis

The gross domestic product (GDP) growth numbers for the July-September quarter, the lowest in 26 quarters, are no surprise. Most analysts had — belatedly — forecast the bad news. It is now clear that if the government does not get its act together by Budget day, two months from now, a quick recovery from the current depths should not be expected. The economy is on a cusp from where it can swing either way. Nirmala Sitharaman is on test.

Want to get this in your email?