On the three major subjects on which the country would like to hear from the prime minister — defence expenditure, healthcare spend, and economic difficulties — there is only silence, writes T N Ninan
T N Ninan, Business Standard
When getting into the swing of its seventh year, the Manmohan Singh government was about to be savaged by the Comptroller and Auditor General in successive reports, and would soon lose all sense of purpose (the operative word, if you recall, was paralysis). At the same stage, the Narendra Modi government is a study in contrast, giving every impression of being in a tearing hurry to deliver. Among the latest set of promises made on Independence Day is a new medical ID card for all citizens, a Rs 100-trillion infrastructure programme, optical fibre connectivity for all villages in three years (we may have heard that one before), and a slew of other initiatives almost too exhausting to recount.
A year earlier, fresh from his electoral triumph, Mr Modi had launched the Jal Jeevan Mission (tapwater in all rural households in five years) to match Swachh Bharat’s toilets, and talked of making India a $5-trillion economy within five years. Before that, in the run-up to the elections, he had announced a cash pay-out scheme for farmers and a free medical insurance programme. There have been plenty of other pronouncements as well: Privatisation of coal mining, a new education policy, lower tax rates for individuals and companies, and a new tax charter, for instance. Along the way there was the self-reliance thrust for import substitution, now converted into a simultaneous export thrust. It is hard to keep pace with the constant flurry of announcements and their fine print, let alone assess what exactly they amount to.
So no one can be in doubt that this government is long on ambition, especially when you consider that it has also been busy with history-making changes in Jammu & Kashmir, and in getting Parliament to pass a contentious law on citizenship. Equally clear, though, is the strange disconnect between the focus of these developmental and political thrusts and the immediate needs of the economy and country.
On the three major subjects of immediate importance, on which the country would like to hear from the prime minister, there is only silence. There is no commitment to increased defence expenditure, urgently needed following the Chinese wake-up call. Or to increased health expenditure, though the continuing surge in the country’s Covid numbers has made India the epicentre of new cases. Meanwhile the difficulties facing an economy in crisis are left to others to deal with. It does seem odd that the prime minis ter can talk of subsidised sanitary pads while remaining silent on all of the above.
There is a pattern to this. Mr Modi leaves the difficult issues well alone. When he speaks of them, it is either in denial (like the border situation) or to highlight successes that are only part of a larger story that is worrisome in its totality (as with the Covid crisis). At the same time Mr Modi is busy making a series of positive announcements that associate him with conferring benefits on ordinary citizens, achieving larger development goals and effectively leading the government. Sometimes, this means floating like a butterfly past subjects that have become embarrassing — like the forgotten promise of good days (achchhe din), double-digit economic growth and the $5-trillion economy — and shifting the focus to new policy thrusts (like self-reliance, which it is hoped will give meaning at last to ‘Make in India’). On cue, the Orwellian faithful will start a new drumbeat each time.
This is fine as political strategy. In the absence of meaningful interactions with the media it is also easy to pull off through effective oratory and event management. The medium-term economic strategy to deal with new realities is less clear, given the prospect of slower growth and therefore more limited resources in the coming decade. The World Bank says public debt is headed to become nearly 50 per cent greater than the desirable level, two years from now. To keep that in check, or risk a credit downgrade, fiscal policy will have to contract. At some point the disconnect between this outlook and expansive spending pronouncements will have to be addressed. Because the maths will have to add up.
Disclaimer: This information is from a third party—Business Standard—offered through a tie-up to Kotak Securities customers for free for life. The third party content is not created or endorsed by any business offering products or services through it. The provision of this third party content is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute a research call, recommendation or solicitation to purchase or sell any security or make any other type of investment or investment decision. Also, the views and opinions stated in the content belong to Business Standard. Kotak Securities does not uphold nor promote any of the views. These reports do not, in any way, qualify as a Kotak Securities research report.
A few links for further reading
Not quite flying: Why Modi govt's UDAN scheme is struggling
At least two airlines that won UDAN contracts have folded up; scores of airports and airstrips cannot accommodate flights, and policy changes make business difficult.
Are Indian banks out of the woods?
Earnings season is over at most Indian banks. Looking at the September-quarter results, one might be tempted to say the worst is behind for the India banking industry.
Fix the holes in your investments and insurance plans ahead of the new year
Make changes where required so that your investment and insurance portfolio are equipped to meet the rigours that 2020 may have to offer. With the year drawing to a close, your thoughts may have turned to taking a holiday and visiting a new destination. Or you may want to just curl up in a blanket and laze around by a bonfire. While you do deserve some rest after toiling for the entire year, one essential task you must not overlook is to check your financial portfolio and ensure it is in good shape.